180° Excavator – Extracting and Excavating

NVQ 180 Excavator

Awarding Body:


Training course type:

Level 2 NVQ Diploma in Plant Operations (Construction). Work-place on-site assessment

Novice training course duration:

Up to 1 year to complete all NVQ units

Card options:

5-year NPORS CSCS competent operator blue card. 5-year CPCS CSCS competent operator blue card

Minimum age:



Bertie Tupper & Tuppco assessors

Assessment pre-requisite

  • Workplace experience using 180° excavators
  • CITB test for operatives within 24 months

What’s involved in the assessment?

The candidate will be assessed on NVQ units relating to health and safety and machinery operation by means of:

  • Observation
  • Questions
  • Demonstrations
  • Professional discussion
  • Witness testimonies

Assessment criteria

Mandatory core NVQ units:

  • Conforming to general health, safety and welfare in the workplace
  • Conforming to productive working practices in the workplace
  • Preparing and operating 180° excavators to extract and excavate ground and loose materials in the workplace

Venue and equipment requirements

  • Suitable and safe area to dig trenches and backfill
  • Varying terrain and slopes
  • Bulk material to load vehicle
  • Vehicle or hopper to load (dumper, trailer)
  • Suitable and safe area to complete paperwork
  • Suitable welfare facilities
  • 180° Excavator with digging and grading buckets
  • Operators’ manual
  • Risk assessment completed

PPE Requirements

  • Suitable head protection
  • Suitable eye protection
  • Suitable work clothes including wet weather
  • Gloves
  • Suitable work boots including steel toe protection
  • High Viz

On-site NVQ assessments delivered

Southwest – Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Dorset, Devon, Cornwall, Avon, Somerset, Herefordshire, Monmouthshire
Southeast – Oxfordshire, Kent, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Surrey, Sussex, Middlesex
Midlands – Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire, Shropshire
East Anglia – Hertfordshire, Essex, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Aylesbury, Banbury, Basingstoke, Bath, Bedford, Birmingham, Brighton, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, Cirencester, Cheltenham, Coventry, Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Hungerford, Milton Keynes, Newbury, Northampton, Oxford, Peterborough, Plymouth, Reading, Salisbury, Southampton, Stroud, Swindon, Taunton, Warwick, Winchester, Witney, Worcester, Yeovil

What is a 180° Excavator?

A 180° Excavator gets its name from the boom attached to the vehicle which can pivot from left to right through 180°. It is also known as a Backhoe, which refers to the action of the shovel rather than its location on the machine. It is a versatile machine that can be used for a variety of different jobs.

Recognised industries:

Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Construction, Marine, Industrial, Fencing, Landscaping, Civils, Highways, Quarrying,

Known as:

Backhoe, Backhoe excavator, Backhoe digger, 3cx, 4cx, Wheeled machine, 180° excavator, Site master, Earthmover


JCB, Case, CAT, Mecalac, Terex


Excavate, dig, load, unload, use as crane, level, grade, grab,

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